Rule of 2, 3 & 4:
Be disciplined in your preempt bidding, don’t ever preempt your partner if your partner is not a passed hand, you’ll still get an opportunity to show your long suit. Along with this line of thinking you should always hold 2 of the top 3 cards when vulnerable or 3 of the top 5 when not vulnerable. Pre-empt such that you expect to lose two tricks when vulnerable or three tricks with equal vulnerability and four tricks with favourable vulnerability.
Check the rule of 20 (add the number of cards in 2 longest suits to HCPs), bid 1 in longest major (if have 2 minors, then better minor)
1 CLUB / 1DIAMOND
1 HEART / 1SPADE 4 card suits up the line, 5 card suits down the line, unless 16+ HCPs, in which aim for a reverse
1NT (one doubleton, no singleton, no 5 card major*)
1 CLUB / 1DIAMOND (unless than <3 losers then bid 2C), think about 2NT as second bid. If 5/5 or 5/6 bid diamonds first if <16HCPs, otherwise bid clubs first and reverse
1HEART / 1SPADE (unless than <3 losers then bid 2C), think about 2NT as second bid or reverse or jump shift to show points
2 NO TRUMPS
2C then 2NT(22-24) /3NT (28-29) /4NT (30-31) as second bid (also think Blackwood/Slam)
Add your total no of spades to your HCPs and if >15 bid 1 SPADE
Whenever an opener bids two suits in such a way that responder is forced to the 3 level (or higher) if they want to rebid the first suit.
Eg. 1H/2S - Opener has reversed because crossed the boundary of 2H
If bidding higher ranking suit first is normal then bidding it second is a reverse
(4 card suits up the line, 5 card suits down the line)
Need >17HCPs or if good distribution 15-16HCPs
Responder can reverse with 13+ HCPs
Often done with 5/5 or 6/5 hands but can do with 6/4 or 6/3 hands if clubs/diamonds
Before Overcall - check vulnerability
IF HAVE >16 HCPs, do a strength double.
Do not overcall at the 3 level without 16 HCPs and 6 cards
SUIT QUALITY TEST:
Add the number of cards in the suit you wish to bid to the number of honours in that suit. The total should equal or exceed the number of tricks for which you are bidding. Also, do not count the jack and ten as honours unless accompanied by another honour or honours, queen or higher.
BEST TO HAVE
Or could use a system
weaker hand, MUST HAVE:
12-15 HCPs, other 3 suits
>16 HCPs DBL and then bid your suit
5+cards in each suit- See Michael’s Cue bid and Unusual No Trump
Opponents have bid 1 of a suit - and you are in pass out seat
Should have an agreement to play this, and also discuss a maxi-mini agreement (ie only play if <10HCPs or >15HCPs). If in 10-15 range then make an overcall in higher ranking of your two suits and hope to get a chance to bid the other one later. Also discuss HCPs values if vulnerable.
Allows you to show that you have a 2 suited (5+ in each) hand, no matter the point count.
These hands are useless in defence, so better to play offence.
Joan Butts says only do with 11+ points needed if vulnerable.
A bid of opponents suit after they have bid only one suit. If opponents have bid 2 suits a cue bid is natural meaning you have length in the suit you just bid
With a fit raise partners hand, presume that partner has minimal points.
If have a longer minor and some tolerance for the major bid the minor. Opener can bid the other minor if it is the wrong one. Responder can then bid the major if that minor is not suitable
When there is a fit, if maxi (>15HCPs) raise the responders suit but if mini pass
If it is not a jump (eg over a weak 2 bid) then it is a strong no trump opener
However 2NT over 2C opener is an unusual 2NT
NOTE: If partner bids 3H over LHO 1H, partner is asking if you have a stopper in hearts because partner has everything else covered.
Again only with mini or maxi hands
If intermediate hands make an overcall and then bid the other suit
With a strong hand, start with the unusual 2NT and bid again after partner takes her choice of suits, usually by raising the suit??
If hand is exceptionally strong can bid 4NT
In the balancing seat:
A Michael’s cuebid can be used to tell partner you have 5/5 in majors
2NT shows 19-21 HCPs
Yes - if you have the right shape.
In the direct seat you need:
In the balancing seat:
NEVER BID WITH 4-4-3-2, 5-3-3-2, 4-3-3-3 SHAPE
Video on YouTube by Oklahoma Collective\
RESPONSES TO DOUBLE:
RESPONSES to 2C OVERCALL:
RESPONSES TO 2D OVERCALL
RESPONSES TO 2S OVERCALL
RESPONSES TO 2NT OVERCALL
The total number of cards in each partnership's longest suit is equal to the number of "total tricks" that either side can win in a suit contract.
Generally you should compete to the level equal to the combined number of trumps held by your side, but bid one more in order to outbid opponents if they settled at the 2 level
A limit raise is a fit response to an opening of one of a suit.
A jump raise of opener's suit typically shows invitational values (10-12 points). The opener should bid game in a major suit with 15 points and pass otherwise
A limit raise may not have enough strength for 5 in a minor - NT may be better so use INVERTED MINOR RAISE
It means 3 cards support and does not mean partner has the other suit!
NOTE: Sometimes a 8 card fit may play better in 3NT!
If you have 8-9+ HCPs and a 5 card suit then bid it.
If no 5 card suit then DBL (X)
NOTE: Bidding at 2 level over 1H/S can be done but check vulnerability and assess hand - the longer the better.
After 1NT - Stayman and transfers are on